Publications by Various Authors

This page contains publications by various authors addressing subjects such as PANArt, Hang and Pang instruments. They are listed in chronological order from the newest to the oldest. Links to publications on other websites than www.hangblog.org are marked with external link.


Exploring the Hang® Gudu external link

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
The blog is published since: August 5th, 2017
Languages: English and German

About: In this blog I want to share my experiences and insights on the Hang® Gudu. You are highly welcome to participate in a knowledge sharing in the comments with your questions, ideas and own findings.


Felix Rohner is building a handpan external link

A Video by Frank Sturm
© Copyright by Frank Sturm
Published on youtube.com: May 11th, 2017
Language: Partly English and German, with English subtitles

Frank Sturm visited PANArt and made a video showing Felix Rohner building a handpan by simple tuning, a tuning method based on the “string like” modes of oscillating plates with geometric 2:3 ratio.


Die Heiler vom Schattenhang external link

Author: Ane Hebeisen
© Copyright by Ane Hebeisen and Der Bund – All rights reserved
Published on derbund.ch: April 20th, 2017
Language: German

Mit dem Hang hat ein Berner Kleinbetrieb ein Musikinstrument erschaffen, das vom Schamanen bis zum Handy-Hersteller ziemlich allen den Kopf verdreht. Zeit für einen Besuch.


Gubal (instrument) external link

Main author: Michael Paschko
Other authors: See the revision history external link of the article
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License external link.
Published on en.wikipedia.org: August 8th, 2016
Languages: English external link (original language), German external link (translation: Michael Paschko), French external link (translation: Pierre Tchaikowski)

Lexicon article about the Gubal in the Wikipedia


Can the Hang Sound-Sculpture be used as a Therapeutic Tool to Influence Change?

A Heuristic Enquiry
Author: Christopher Baron
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
The study was submitted on April 29th, 2016 at University of Derby as part of a BA (Hons) Creative Expressive Therapies.
Published on www.hangblog.org: April 24th, 2017
Language: English

Abstract: This study seeks to acquire knowledge and understanding relating to the therapeutic use of instruments and music. Publication of data has been yielded together grounded in several studies to postulate a theory. A Heuristic research method has been employed to illustrate and analyse the collection of data. The investigation will explore the expressive and aesthetic qualities of the data embodied in recorded improvisations and reflective journals in an attempt to discover whether the Hang Sound-Sculpture is a therapeutic tool that can influence change.


Information about buying a Gubal

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
Published on www.hangblog.org: January 11th, 2014
Last Update: February 1st, 2017
Original language: German – English translation by the author
Zur Deutschen Version dieses Dokuments

This article provides available information about buying a Gubal at time of the last update indicated above.


Das Hanglexikon external link

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published on www.hangblog.org: Oktober 19th, 2007
Completely revised and extended edtion on www.lex.hangblog.org/de/: September 15th, 2013
Last update: April 7th, 2017
Language: German
There is an older English version of the Hang Lexicon (last update: August 29th, 2009).
Take in consideration, that it doesn’t reflect the current state of knowledge.

The Hanglexikon offers partly comprehensive or short articles respectively definitions about topics regarding the history, technique, acoustics and way of playing of the Hang.


20 Jahre PANArt – Persönliche Eindrücke der Jubiläumsfeier

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
Published on www.hangblog.org: Juli 1st, 2013
Language: German

On June 1st, 2013 the anniversary celebration of 20 years PANArt took place in Bern with 60 invited guests. During the festivity Sabina Schärer and Felix Rohner introduced their new instrument, the Gubal.


What is a hang drum?

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published on hanghang.info: November 15th, 2012
Published on www.hangblog.org: November 16th, 2012
Last Update: May 9th, 2014
Original language: German – English translation by Christine Studer and the author
Zur Deutschen Version dieses Dokuments

This article explains origin and usage of the term hang drum and should answer the question of why PANArt’s instrument is a Hang and not a hang drum.


PANArt’s Free Integral Hang: Daydreams Before Profits

A Case Study on Managing Creativity, September 2012
Author: Rupert Cocke
© Copyright by the Author – All rights reserved
Published on www.hangblog.org: November 7th, 2012
Last Update: January 23rd, 2013
Original language: English
Zur Deutschen Version dieses Dokuments
Whatever it is, the Free Hang is certainly not a conventional product that can be bought by anyone with a credit card. PANArt’s way of working might seem strange from the point of view of conventional businesses, with one exception. Clearly controlled scarcity of a product can add value. However, PANArt make little or no attempt to exploit the scarcity of the Hanghang. If we leave aside the conventional view of business, we can see intriguing parallels between PANArt and other people that put creativity at the heart of their projects.

The original text was submitted as a project on Managing Creativity as part of an MA course at Bournemouth University’s Centre for Excellence in Media Practice (CEMP). This version has been reworked slightly for publication in the Hang Library.

Information about purchasing a Hang

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
Published on www.hangblog.org: September 10th, 2012
Last Update: February 1st, 2017
Original language: German – English translation by Christine Studer
Zur Deutschen Version dieses Dokuments

Anyone wishing to buy a Hang these days is easily confused by rumors and half-truths published on the Internet. The rather unusual operation and distribution practices adopted by PANArt leads to misunderstandings and uncertainty among those interested in a Hang – because they are not aware of or don’t understand the reasoning behind this procedure. The article provides a summary about the distribution of the Hang from the beginnings until today and clarifies the fundamental questions concerning the “if, how and where” of buying a Hang.


The Hang Instrument external link

Author: Matt Venuti
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
Published on mattvenuti.com: March 2012
Originally titled “The Hang, an instrument for our time”
Language: English

The American Hang player Matt Venuti answers some of the frequent questions that people ask him about the Hang.


A new cleaning and anticorrosion fluid

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published on www.hangblog.org: May 12th, 2010
Last Update: June 5th, 2014
Original language: German – English translation by Christine Studer
Zur Deutschen Version dieses Dokuments

Since the beginning of the Hang PANArt has used Biofa hard oil as an anticorrosive fluid. The new biopolymer-based cleaning and anticorrosive fluid which PANArt has been using since 2009 and its distributors will be presented in this article.


Das Freie Integrale Hang im Bild

Author: Michael Paschko, photos by Daniel Wietlisbach
© Copyright for the text by the author, for the photos by PANArt Hangbau AG – All rights reserved
First published on www.hangblog.org: April 29th, 2010
Last Update: May 12th, 2010
Language: German

The first photos of the Free Integral Hang show differences and similarities compared to previous generations of the Hang.


The extraordinary sound of the hang external link

Authors: Andrew Morrison and Thomas D. Rossing
© Copyright by the authors – All rights reserved
Published in the journal Physics Today, issue March 2009, pp. 66-67
Language: English

An increasingly popular percussion instrument created less than 10 years ago has inspired musicians and physicists alike to explore its sonic properties.


History of the Steelpan in Switzerland external link

Author: Werner Egger
Published on pan-jumbie.com: September 8th, 2008
Original language: German – English translation by Carl Okechukwu

English translation of the German Wikipedia article Schweizer Steelpan-Geschichte


Hang – melodisches Perkussionsinstrument aus dem 21. Jahrhundert external link

Author: Pola Sell
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
Published in: Ntama. Journal of African Music and Popular Culture, September 7th, 2008
The Journal isn’t online any longer, but archived by web.archive.org.
Language: German

The article reaches out from the tamboo-bamboo and the beginnings of the steeldrum on the Caribbean island of Trinidad in the first half of the 20th century to the origin of the Hang in the Europan city Bern at the beginning of the 21st century.


Sound of the Hang PDF external link

Authors: David Wessel, Andrew Morrison, Thomas D. Rossing
© Copyright by the authors – All rights reserved
Published on webistem.com
Associated mp3 file: Synthesized sound of the HANG mp3 external link
Short press summary: Lay Language Paper external link
Published on acoustics.org
Language: English
Paper presented on July 4th, 2008 at the 155. Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America in Paris

Abstract: The HANG is a popular hand­played steel instrument that has gone through continual development since it was first introduced in 2000. We compare the tuning and the modes of vibration of the original high­voice HANG, the low­voice HANG, and the integral HANG recently introduced by PanART. Since the HANG is a hand­played steel instrument, a wide variety of playing techniques are used by performers. We report on the sound of the HANG when played in various ways. Recordings of the HANG were made by taking multiple samples of each of a number of striking techniques with the hand, including single strokes from the soft part of the finger, as well as the finger nail. Various grace note techniques were investigated as well. Loud notes tend to “ring” longer than soft ones, and they also show significant amplitude modulation. We model the HANG with filters centered at each of the frequency components; gains and decay times for these resonant filter were estimated from the analysis. From the analysis we have synthesized realistic sounds of the HANG.


Hang Sound Models

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published on www.hangblog.org: June 6th, 2008
Last Update: January 19th, 2009
Language: English

An overview on the different Hang Sound Models offered by PANArt 2002 – 2008 for the first generation Hang, the Low Hang, the second generation Hang and the Integral Hang


Schweizer Steelpan-Geschichte external link

Main author: Werner Egger
Other authors: See the revision history external link of the article
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License external link.
Published on de.wikipedia.org: February 4th, 2008
Language: German
Wikipedia article about the history and culture out of which PANArt and the Hang emerged.

An English Translation of this article was published at pan-jumbie.org.


Discover the Hang’s Overtones

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published on www.hangblog.org: October 28th, 2007
Last Update: September 4th, 2008
Original language: English
Zur Deutschen Version dieses Dokuments

The overtones tuned in the Ding and in each tone field of the Hang explained by means of pictures and sound examples.


Hang (Musikinstrument) external link

Main author: Michael Paschko
Other authors: See the revision history external link of the article
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License external link.
Published on de.wikipedia.org
Language: German

Lexicon article about the Hang in the German Wikipedia


The Hang in North America in the years 2006 and 2007 external link

Authors: David Kaetz and Ron Kravitz
© Copyright by the authors – All rights reserved
Published as comment no. 132 of a post in the blog “Richard’s Notes”: December 22nd, 2006
See also the Update in comment no. 149 on March 3rd, 2007 external link
The blog post isn’t online any longer, but archived by web.archive.org.
Language: English

David Kaetz (Canada) and Ron Kravitz (USA), the then North American Hang distributors, “share some thoughts about where the Hang comes from,” and “shed a little light on the matter of finding a Hang” of the new generation in North America.


HANG – une révolution discrète – a discreet revolution

A Documentary by Thibaut Castan and Véronice Pagnon
© Copyright by Thibaut Castan and Véronice Pagnon
DVD, France 2006
Language and subtitles: French and English
Published on www.hangblog.org: August 18th, 2014
by courtesy of Véronice Pagnon
For Internet publication the DVD was divided into two videos:
HANG – une révolution discrète (with french off-commentary and subtitles)
HANG – a discreet revolution (with english off-commentary and subtitles)

The Documentary was completed in 2006 and describes the early years of the Hang. Starting in one of the rare music shops the Hang was sold at until 2005 the film authors find the Hang among buskers in Barcelona and trace it back to its origins in Bern, Switzerland. They conduct interviews with the Hang makers Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer, show how the first generation Hang was built and tuned in the PANArt workshop, listen to the opinions and Hang music of various musicians and end with an outlook on the new generation of the Hang built by PANArt since 2006.


The Caribbean Steelpan, and some Offsprings

Authors: Uwe J. Hansen and Thomas D. Rossing
© Copyright by the authors – All rights reserved
First published as paper no. 7040 for the Forum Acusticum 2005 Budapest (August 29th – September 2nd) and presented in the structured session MUS-PM – Physics of Musical Intsruments, September 1st, 2005
Published as PDF on http://newton.indstate.edu/phhanse/FA%20Budapest%20paper.pdf external link
Published on www.hangblog.org: June 23rd, 2013
Language: English

Abstract: Mode studies by a number of researchers in musical acoustics has had some influence on the tuning of individual note sections of this instrument, which is likely the most significant new acoustic, as opposed to electronic, musical instrument of the twentieth century. Operational deflection shapes of individual note sections along with coupling between note sections lead to the characteristic “steel” sound. Usually the lowest three partials are tuned in octaves and twelfth or double octaves. Some interesting examples of mode shapes and coupling will be discussed. One Pan Crafter in Switzerland has used insights from such research to develop a new family of instruments, which he calls the Ping, Peng and Pong. Furthermore he incorporated the new note section structure in a hand-held instrument, he calls the Hang. Examples of the mode structures of these instruments will be shown and discussed.


die welt ist blech. über einen neu gefundenen klang.

Author: Lukas Vogelsang
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published in: ensuite – kulturmagazin, Bern, April 2004 external link, pp. 4-5
Published on www.hangblog.org: June 23rd, 2013
Language: German

An article about PANArt’s path towards the Hang written three years after the introduction of the new instrument


PANArt transforms the steel drum to a higher level external link

Author: unknown
© Copyright by swissinfo.ch – All rights reserved
Published on swissinfo.ch: 11. Mai 2001
Language: English

Article about PANArt and the Hang that was introduced shortly before at the Musikmesse Frankfurt.


The Pangs of Bern, Switzerland

Echoes from the Gotthard: A Case Study
Author: Cy Grant
Published in: Cy Grant, Ring of Steel – Pan Sound & Symbol
Macmillan Education Ltd., 1999; ISBN 0-333-66128-1
Information about the book and sources of supply: the Cy Grant Website external link
Language: Englisch

About the steelpan in Switzerland and the work of Felix Rohner in the second half of the 1990s


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