This page contains publications by various authors addressing subjects such as PANArt, Hang and Pang instruments. They are listed in chronological order from the newest to the oldest. Links to publications on other websites than www.hangblog.org are marked with .
Frank Sturm visited PANArt and made a video showing Felix Rohner building a handpan by simple tuning, a tuning method based on the “string like” modes of oscillating plates with geometric 2:3 ratio.
Mit dem Hang hat ein Berner Kleinbetrieb ein Musikinstrument erschaffen, das vom Schamanen bis zum Handy-Hersteller ziemlich allen den Kopf verdreht. Zeit für einen Besuch.
Lexicon article about the Gubal in the Wikipedia
A Heuristic Enquiry
Abstract: This study seeks to acquire knowledge and understanding relating to the therapeutic use of instruments and music. Publication of data has been yielded together grounded in several studies to postulate a theory. A Heuristic research method has been employed to illustrate and analyse the collection of data. The investigation will explore the expressive and aesthetic qualities of the data embodied in recorded improvisations and reflective journals in an attempt to discover whether the Hang Sound-Sculpture is a therapeutic tool that can influence change.
This article provides available information about buying a Gubal at time of the last update indicated above.
The Hanglexikon offers partly comprehensive or short articles respectively definitions about topics regarding the history, technique, acoustics and way of playing of the Hang.
On June 1st, 2013 the anniversary celebration of 20 years PANArt took place in Bern with 60 invited guests. During the festivity Sabina Schärer and Felix Rohner introduced their new instrument, the Gubal.
This article explains origin and usage of the term hang drum and should answer the question of why PANArt’s instrument is a Hang and not a hang drum.
A Case Study on Managing Creativity, September 2012
The original text was submitted as a project on Managing Creativity as part of an MA course at Bournemouth University’s Centre for Excellence in Media Practice (CEMP). This version has been reworked slightly for publication in the Hang Library.
Anyone wishing to buy a Hang these days is easily confused by rumors and half-truths published on the Internet. The rather unusual operation and distribution practices adopted by PANArt leads to misunderstandings and uncertainty among those interested in a Hang – because they are not aware of or don’t understand the reasoning behind this procedure. The article provides a summary about the distribution of the Hang from the beginnings until today and clarifies the fundamental questions concerning the “if, how and where” of buying a Hang.
The American Hang player Matt Venuti answers some of the frequent questions that people ask him about the Hang.
Since the beginning of the Hang PANArt has used Biofa hard oil as an anticorrosive fluid. The new biopolymer-based cleaning and anticorrosive fluid which PANArt has been using since 2009 and its distributors will be presented in this article.
The first photos of the Free Integral Hang show differences and similarities compared to previous generations of the Hang.
An increasingly popular percussion instrument created less than 10 years ago has inspired musicians and physicists alike to explore its sonic properties.
English translation of the German Wikipedia article Schweizer Steelpan-Geschichte
The article reaches out from the tamboo-bamboo and the beginnings of the steeldrum on the Caribbean island of Trinidad in the first half of the 20th century to the origin of the Hang in the Europan city Bern at the beginning of the 21st century.
Abstract: The HANG is a popular handplayed steel instrument that has gone through continual development since it was first introduced in 2000. We compare the tuning and the modes of vibration of the original highvoice HANG, the lowvoice HANG, and the integral HANG recently introduced by PanART. Since the HANG is a handplayed steel instrument, a wide variety of playing techniques are used by performers. We report on the sound of the HANG when played in various ways. Recordings of the HANG were made by taking multiple samples of each of a number of striking techniques with the hand, including single strokes from the soft part of the finger, as well as the finger nail. Various grace note techniques were investigated as well. Loud notes tend to “ring” longer than soft ones, and they also show significant amplitude modulation. We model the HANG with filters centered at each of the frequency components; gains and decay times for these resonant filter were estimated from the analysis. From the analysis we have synthesized realistic sounds of the HANG.
An overview on the different Hang Sound Models offered by PANArt 2002 – 2008 for the first generation Hang, the Low Hang, the second generation Hang and the Integral Hang
An English Translation of this article was published at pan-jumbie.org.
The overtones tuned in the Ding and in each tone field of the Hang explained by means of pictures and sound examples.
Lexicon article about the Hang in the German Wikipedia
David Kaetz (Canada) and Ron Kravitz (USA), the then North American Hang distributors, “share some thoughts about where the Hang comes from,” and “shed a little light on the matter of finding a Hang” of the new generation in North America.
The Documentary was completed in 2006 and describes the early years of the Hang. Starting in one of the rare music shops the Hang was sold at until 2005 the film authors find the Hang among buskers in Barcelona and trace it back to its origins in Bern, Switzerland. They conduct interviews with the Hang makers Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer, show how the first generation Hang was built and tuned in the PANArt workshop, listen to the opinions and Hang music of various musicians and end with an outlook on the new generation of the Hang built by PANArt since 2006.
Abstract: Mode studies by a number of researchers in musical acoustics has had some influence on the tuning of individual note sections of this instrument, which is likely the most significant new acoustic, as opposed to electronic, musical instrument of the twentieth century. Operational deflection shapes of individual note sections along with coupling between note sections lead to the characteristic “steel” sound. Usually the lowest three partials are tuned in octaves and twelfth or double octaves. Some interesting examples of mode shapes and coupling will be discussed. One Pan Crafter in Switzerland has used insights from such research to develop a new family of instruments, which he calls the Ping, Peng and Pong. Furthermore he incorporated the new note section structure in a hand-held instrument, he calls the Hang. Examples of the mode structures of these instruments will be shown and discussed.
An article about PANArt’s path towards the Hang written three years after the introduction of the new instrument
Article about PANArt and the Hang that was introduced shortly before at the Musikmesse Frankfurt.
Echoes from the Gotthard: A Case Study
About the steelpan in Switzerland and the work of Felix Rohner in the second half of the 1990s