Hang Sound Models

Author: Michael Paschko
© Copyright by the author – All rights reserved
First published at www.hangblog.org, June 6th, 2008
Last Update: January 19th, 2009
Original language: English
An overview on the different Hang Sound Models offered by PANArt 2002 – 2008 for the first generation Hang, the Low Hang, the second generation Hang and the Integral Hang

If you are looking for an overview on the different Hang Sound Models there are some places online that list notations and sound files. However these references are not fully representative of all the variations that have taken place. Until now no information about Low Hang Sound Models from 2005 has been available. Also some discrepancies between notations and sound files in published Sound Model lists exist on some sites. Another lack is a general overview about the Second Generation Hang Sound Models made in 2006 and 2007.

To learn more about Sound Models I started a systematic research on all available references. An important source is PANArt’s former website. A number of versions of www.hang.ch are archived by web.archive.org. So it was possible to find older PANArt Sound Model lists. Although the sound files were not archived by web.archive.org and the lists sometimes don’t indicate the whole scales of the tone circle, it was possible to reconstruct the complete scales by comparing the lists on the former PANArt website with notations and sound files from other sources.

The first Sound Model list was published when PANArt started their new website www.hang.ch in spring 2002. Thirty sound models were offered at that time. In spring 2004 the Sound Models were updated. At that point 45 scales were listed on their website. The first 30 were similar to the models from 2002 but some of them were transposed or modified. In spring 2005 the Hang makers published a new listing with sound models broken out for the Low Hang. The website at that point listed 14 Sound Models in high voice and 13 Sound Models in low voice.

Aside from these officially published Sound Models PANArt also tuned custom and experimental Sound Models. These Sound Models were not documented in any public lists. I also found that some online references contain Sound Model variants not officially offered on the PANArt website but that were likely available through Hang distributors.

For the second generation Hang (2006 – 2007) Hang Makers left the world of ethno musicological scales. They created a sound structure based on a Ding tuned to D3 and tuned half of the tones according to artistic discretion. No lists of available Sound Models were published but customers had to choose their instruments personally in the Hanghaus in Bern. Finally for the Integral Hang introduced in early 2008 Hang makers offered only one Sound Model.

Positions of the numbered tonefields indicated in the tables

The following lists are constructed from the multiple available references I was able to locate. In the last column of these tables is a reference to where each Sound Model was found. At the end of the article is a footnote listing the sources and the numbers used in the Reference field.

You can listen to sound examples of the first generation sound models in the references No. 5 and 7.

First Generation Sound Models 2002

These 30 Sound Models were offered when PANArt started their website www.hang.ch in spring 2002. All had 8 notes in the tone circle. A3 Dings and G3 Dings numbered fourteen Sound Models each, and there were two with F3 dings.

No. Name Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reference
1 Aeolian A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
2 Ake Bono G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 Ab4 C5 D5 Eb5 1,4,5,6,7
3 Banshiki-Cho F3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 1,4,5,6,7
4 Bayati A3 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
5 Dorian A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6
6 Harmonic minor A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
7 Hitzaz A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
8 Hitzazkiar / Persian Scale A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
9 Hungarian major A3 C4 D4 F4 Eb4 Gb4 Ab4 A4 C5 1,4,5,6,7
10 Huzam A3 D4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 C#5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
11 Ionian G3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 C5 1,4,5,6
12 Kokin-Choshi G3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 1,4,5,6,7
13 Kourd-Atar /
Todi
G3 C4 Db4 Eb4 F#4 G4 Ab4 B4 C5 1,4,5,6
14 Lydian G3 C3 D4 E4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 C5 1,4,5,6
15 Yu-Diao /
Minor Penta
G3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 1,4,5,6,7
16 Neveseri A3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 A4 Bb4 C5 Db5 1,4,5,6,7
17 Niavent A3 D4 E4 F4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,4,6
18 Nirz Rast G3 C4 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A*4 Bb4 C5 1,4,5,6,7
19 Gong-Diao /
Pentatonic C
G3 C4 D4 E4 G4 A4 C5 D5 E5 1,4,5,6,7
20 Zhi-Diao /
Pentatonic F
F3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 F5 1,4,5,6,7
21 Pelog G3 C4 +125
Cts
+266
Cts
+563
Cts
+676
Cts
+800
Cts
+965
Cts
+1220
Cts
1,4,5,6,7
22 Purvi A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,4,6
23 Pygmy G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 Bb4 C5 D5 Eb5 1,4,5,6,7
24 Rast G3 C4 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A4 B*4 C5 1,4,5,6,7
25 Rumanikos A3 D4 E4 F4 G#4 A4 B4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6
26 Sabah A3 D4 E4 F4 Gb4 A4 Bb4 C5 C#5 1,4,5,6,7
27 Sadjagrama G3
+9Cts
C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
+9Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 1,4,5,6,7
28 Segiah A3 D4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,4,5,6,7
29 Sho G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 1,4,6
30 Slendro G3 C4 +218
Cts
+473
Cts
+721
Cts
+954
Cts
+1213
Cts
+1458
Cts
+1695
Cts
1,4,5,6,7
* = 1 quarter tone lower
Cts = Cents (1200 Cts = 1 octace, 100 Cts = 1 semitone)

First Generation Sound Models 2004

In 2004 PANArt offered 15 additional Sound Models on www.hang.ch and modified some of the prior 30 scales. The sound of the Dings shifted toward the lower tones (1 x Bb3, 13 x A3, 19 x G3, 12 x F3).

No. Name Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reference
1 Aeolian A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
2 Ake Bono G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 Ab4 C5 D5 Eb5 2,4,5,6,7
3 Yue-Diao /
Banshiki-Cho
F3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 2,4,5,6,7
4 Bayati A3 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
5 Dorian G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,7
6 Harmonic minor A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
7 Hijaz A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
8 Hijaz kar A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
9 Hungarian major A3 C4 D4 F4 Eb4 Gb4 Ab4 A4 C5 2,4,5,6,7
10 Huzam A3 D4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 C#5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
11 Ionian F3 Bb3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 2,4,5,7
12 Kokin-Choshi G3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 2,4,5,6,7
13 Kourd-Atar /
Todi
A3 D4 Eb4 F4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,7
14 Lydian F3 Bb3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 2
15 Yu-Diao /
Minor Penta
G3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 2,4,5,6,7
16 Neveseri A3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 A4 Bb4 C5 Db5 2,4,5,6,7
17 Niavent A3 D4 E4 F4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,6
18 Nirz Rast G3 C4 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A*4 Bb4 C5 2,4,5,6,7
19 Gong-Diao /
Pentatonic C
G3 C4 D4 E4 G4 A4 C5 D5 E5 2,4,5,6,7
20 Zhi-Diao /
Pentatonic F
F3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 F5 2,4,5,6,7
21 Pelog G3 C4 +125
Cts
+266
Cts
+563
Cts
+676
Cts
+800
Cts
+965
Cts
+1220
Cts
2,4,5,6,7
22 Purvi A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,6
23 Pygmy G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 Bb4 C5 D5 Eb5 2,4,5,6,7
24 Rast G3 C4 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A4 B*4 C5 2,4,5,6,7
25 Rumanikos G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,7
26 Sabah A3 D4 E4 F4 Gb4 A4 Bb4 C5 C#5 2,4,5,6,7
27 Sadjagrama G3
+9Cts
C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
+9Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 2,4,5,6,7
28 Segiah A3 D4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,5,6,7
29 Sho G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 2,4,6
30 Slendro G3 C4 +218
Cts
+473
Cts
+721
Cts
+954
Cts
+1213
Cts
+1458
Cts
+1695
Cts
2,4,5,6,7
31 Blues G3 C4 Eb4 F4 F#4 G4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 2,6,7
32 Goonkali G3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 A4b C5 Db5 F5 2,6,7
33 Iwato F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 2,6,7
34 Kumoi G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 A4 C5 D5 Eb5 2,6,7
35 Locrian F3 C4 Db4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 2,6,7
36 Madhyama-
grama
F3 C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
-45Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 2
37 Magen Abot Bb3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,6,7
38 Melog /
Selisir
F3 A3 Bb3 C4 E4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,4,6,7
39 Mixolydian G3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,4,6,7
40 Overtone Scale G3 C4 E4
-14Cts
G4
+2Cts
Bb4
-31Cts
C5 D5
+4Cts
E5
-14Cts
F5
+51Cts
2,4,7
41 Noh F3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 2,7
42 Phrygian G3 C4 Db4 Eb4 F4 G4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 2,7
43 Pyeong Jo F3 C4 D4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 F5 2,4,6,7
44 Shang-Diao F3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 2,4,6,7
45 Zokuso F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 C5 Db5 F5 2,7
* = 1 quarter tone lower
Cts = Cents (1200 Cts = 1 octace, 100 Cts = 1 semitone)

Low Hang Sound Models 2005

The Low Hang was built in high voice with 8 tone fields in the circle and in low voice with 7 tone fields in the circle. A new tuning process with intermittent heating of the upper hemisphere of the Hang enabled the tuning of lower tones in a refined quality. All Low Hang Sound Models listed on www.hang.ch had a Ding in F. 14 sound models in high voice and 13 Sound Models in low voice were offered in 2005. However the older scales were available too.

Name Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reference
High Voice (8 tone fields in the circle)
Gong-Diao F3 Bb3 C4 D4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 D5 3,8
Shang-Diao F3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 3,8
Yue-Diao F3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 3,8
Zhi-Diao F3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 F5 3,8
Yu-Diao F3 Bb3 Db4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 Db5 Eb5 3,8
Ake Bono-Joshi F3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 C5 Db5 3,8
Iwato-Joshi F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Goonkali F3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Ab4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Pygmy F3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Db5 3,8
Pyeong Yo F3 C4 D4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 F5 3,8
Kumoi-Joshi F3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 3,8
Kokin-Joshi F3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Zokuso-Joshi F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Melog F3 A3 Bb3 C4 E4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 3,8
Low Voice (7 tone fields in the circle)
Gong-Diao F3 G3 A3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4
3,8
Shang-Diao F3 G3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4
3,8
Yue-Diao F3 Ab3 Bb3 Db4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4
3,8
Zhi-Diao F3 G3 Bb3 C4 D4 F4 G4 Bb4
3,8
Yu-Diao F3 Ab3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4
3,8
Ake Bono-Joshi F3 G3 Ab3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Ab4
3,8
Iwato-Joshi F3 Gb3 Bb3 B3 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Bb4
3,8
Goonkali F3 Gb3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4
3,8
Pygmy F3 G3 Ab3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Ab4
3,8
Pyeong Yo F3 G3 Bb3 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4
3,8
Kumoi-Joshi F3 G3 Ab3 C4 D4 F4 G4 Ab4
3,8
Kokin-Joshi F3 Gb3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Bb4
3,8
Zokuso-Joshi F3 Gb3 Bb3 B3 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4
3,8

First Generation Sound Model Variants

These 9 modifications of Sound Models are listed in some references but not on www.hang.ch.

No. Name Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reference
17 Niavent G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 Ab4 B4 C5 5,7
22 Purvi Ab C Db E F# G Ab B C 5,7
29 Sho A3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 5,7
35 Locrian E3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 4,6
36 Madhyama-
grama
G3 C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
-45Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 4,6,7
40 Overtone Scale Bb3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 Bb4 C#5 D5 6
41 Noh G3 C4 D4 F4 G4 G#4 A4 B4 C5 4,6
42 Phrygian F#3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 4,6
45 Zokuso E3 B3 C4 E4 F4 G4 B4 C5 E5 4,6
Cts = Cents (1200 Cts = 1 octace, 100 Cts = 1 semitone)

Overview: All Sound Model Variants 2002-2005

The following table lists all Sound Model variants in the three tables above. You can compare the existing variants of each sound model to see the differences.

No. Name Year Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reference
1 Aeolian 2002/04 A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
2 Ake Bono 2002/04 G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 Ab4 C5 D5 Eb5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Ake Bono-Joshi (high) 2005 F3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 C5 Db5 3,8
Ake Bono-Joshi (low) 2005 F3 G3 Ab3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Ab4 3,8
3 Yue-Diao /
Banshiki-Cho
2002/04 F3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Yue-Diao (high) 2005 F3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 3,8
Yue-Diao (low) 2005 F3 Ab3 Bb3 Db4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 3,8
4 Bayati 2002/04 A3 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
5 Dorian 2002 A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6
5 Dorian 2004 G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,7
6 Harmonic minor 2002/04 A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
7 Hijaz / Hitzaz 2002/04 A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
8 Hijaz kar / Hitzazkiar 2002/04 A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
9 Hungarian major 2002/04 A3 C4 D4 F4 Eb4 Gb4 Ab4 A4 C5 1,2,4,5,6,7
10 Huzam 2002/04 A3 D4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 C#5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
11 Ionian 2002 G3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 C5 1,4,5,6
11 Ionian 2004 F3 Bb3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 2,4,5,7
12 Kokin-Choshi 2002/04 G3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Kokin-Joshi (high) 2005 F3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Kokin-Joshi (low) 2005 F3 Gb3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 3,8
13 Kourd-Atar /
Todi
2002 G3 C4 Db4 Eb4 F#4 G4 Ab4 B4 C5 1,4,5,6
13 Kourd-Atar /
Todi
2004 A3 D4 Eb4 F4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,7
14 Lydian 2002 G3 C3 D4 E4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 C5 1,4,5,6
14 Lydian 2004 F3 Bb3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 2
15 Yu-Diao /
Minor Penta
2002/04 G3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 F5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Yu-Diao (high) 2005 F3 Bb3 Db4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 Db5 Eb5 3,8
Yu-Diao (low) 2005 F3 Ab3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 3,8
16 Neveseri 2002/04 A3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 A4 Bb4 C5 Db5 1,2,4,5,6,7
17 Niavent 2002/04 A3 D4 E4 F4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,2,4,6
17 Niavent ? G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 Ab4 B4 C5 5,7
18 Nirz Rast 2002/04 G3 C4 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A*4 Bb4 C5 1,2,4,5,6,7
19 Gong-Diao /
Pentatonic C
2002/04 G3 C4 D4 E4 G4 A4 C5 D5 E5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Gong-Diao (high) 2005 F3 Bb3 C4 D4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 D5 3,8
Gong-Diao (low) 2005 F3 G3 A3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 3,8
20 Zhi-Diao /
Pentatonic F
2002/04 F3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 F5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Zhi-Diao (high) 2005 F3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 F5 3,8
Zhi-Diao (low) 2005 F3 G3 Bb3 C4 D4 F4 G4 Bb4 3,8
21 Pelog 2002/04 G3 C4 +125
Cts
+266
Cts
+563
Cts
+676
Cts
+800
Cts
+965
Cts
+1220
Cts
1,2,4,5,6,7
22 Purvi 2002/04 A3 D4 Eb4 F#4 G#4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,2,4,6
22 Purvi ? Ab C Db E F# G Ab B C 5,7
23 Pygmy 2002/04 G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 Bb4 C5 D5 Eb5 1,2,4,5,6,7
Pygmy (high) 2005 F3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Db5 3,8
Pygmy (low) 2005 F3 G3 Ab3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Ab4 3,8
24 Rast 2002/04 G3 C4 D4 E*4 F4 G4 A4 B*4 C5 1,2,4,5,6,7
25 Rumanikos 2002 A3 D4 E4 F4 G#4 A4 B4 C5 D5 1,4,5,6
25 Rumanikos 2004 G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,7
26 Sabah 2002/04 A3 D4 E4 F4 Gb4 A4 Bb4 C5 C#5 1,2,4,5,6,7
27 Sadjagrama 2002/04 G3
+9Cts
C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
+9Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 1,2,4,5,6,7
28 Segiah 2002/04 A3 D4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 C#5 D5 1,2,4,5,6,7
29 Sho 2002/04 G3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 1,2,4,6
29 Sho ? A3 C4 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 A4 C5 D5 5,7
30 Slendro 2002/04 G3 C4 +218
Cts
+473
Cts
+721
Cts
+954
Cts
+1213
Cts
+1458
Cts
+1695
Cts
1,2,4,5,6,7
31 Blues 2004 G3 C4 Eb4 F4 F#4 G4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 2,6,7
32 Goonkali 2004 G3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 A4b C5 Db5 F5 2,6,7
Goonkali (high) 2005 F3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Ab4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Goonkali (low) 2005 F3 Gb3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 3,8
33 Iwato 2004 F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 2,6,7
Iwato-Joshi (high) 2005 F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Iwato-Joshi (low) 2005 F3 Gb3 Bb3 B3 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 3,8
34 Kumoi 2004 G3 C4 D4 Eb4 G4 A4 C5 D5 Eb5 2,6,7
Kumoi-Joshi (high) 2005 F3 Bb3 C4 Db4 F4 G4 Bb4 C5 Db5 3,8
Kumoi-Joshi (low) 2005 F3 G3 Ab3 C4 D4 F4 G4 Ab4 3,8
35 Locrian 2004 F3 C4 Db4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 2,6,7
35 Locrian ? E3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 4,6
36 Madhyama-
grama
2004 F3 C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
-45Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 2
36 Madhyama-
grama
? G3 C4 D4
-36Cts
Eb4
-27Cts
F4
-9Cts
G4
-45Cts
A4
-27Cts
Bb4
-18Cts
C5 4,6,7
37 Magen Abot 2004 Bb3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 Bb4 C#5 D5 2,4,6,7
38 Melog /
Selisir
2004 F3 A3 Bb3 C4 E4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,4,6,7
Melog (high) 2005 F3 A3 Bb3 C4 E4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 3,8
39 Mixolydian 2004 G3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 C5 2,4,6,7
40 Overtone Scale 2004 G3 C4 E4
-14Cts
G4
+2Cts
Bb4
-31Cts
C5 D5
+4Cts
E5
-14Cts
F5
+51Cts
2,4,7
40 Overtone Scale ? Bb3 D4 Eb4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 Bb4 C#5 D5 6
41 Noh 2004 F3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 F#4 G4 A4 Bb4 2,7
41 Noh ? G3 C4 D4 F4 G4 G#4 A4 B4 C5 4,6
42 Phrygian 2004 G3 C4 Db4 Eb4 F4 G4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 2,7
42 Phrygian ? F#3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F#4 G4 A4 B4 4,6
43 Pyeong Jo 2004 F3 C4 D4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 F5 2,4,6,7
Pyeong Yo (high) 2005 F3 C4 D4 F4 A4 Bb4 C5 D5 F5 3,8
Pyeong Yo (low) 2005 F3 G3 Bb3 D4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4 3,8
44 Shang-Diao 2004 F3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 2,4,6,7
Shang-Diao (high) 2005 F3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 Ab4 Bb4 C5 Eb5 3,8
Shang-Diao (low) 2005 F3 G3 Bb3 C4 Eb4 F4 G4 Bb4 3,8
45 Zokuso 2004 F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 C5 Db5 F5 2,7
Zokuso-Joshi (high) 2005 F3 C4 Db4 F4 Gb4 Ab4 C5 Db5 F5 3,8
Zokuso-Joshi (low) 2005 F3 Gb3 Bb3 B3 Db4 F4 Gb4 Bb4 3,8
45 Zokuso ? E3 B3 C4 E4 F4 G4 B4 C5 E5 4,6
* = 1 quarter tone lower
Cts = Cents (1200 Cts = 1 octace, 100 Cts = 1 semitone)
(high) = Low Hang 2005 in high voice (8 notes in the circle)
(low) = Low Hang 2005 in low voice (7 notes in the circle)

Second Generation Sound Models 2006-2007

In 2006 and 2007 the Hang Makers chose a whole new conceptual approach for the second generation of the Hanghang. Starting with a D3 Ding, A3 was the lowest note in the tone circle and the octaves of these two notes, D4 and A4 were in the circle as well. Almost all second generation Hanghang are built with this basic structure. The other notes are chosen by the tuner based on each instrument according to artistic discretion. Second generation models are predominantly configured with seven notes in the tone circle.

The following table of second generation Hanghang is not exhaustive. The Reference field indicates where the listed Sound Models were found.

Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Year Reference
D3 A3 Bb3 C4 D4 E4 F4 A4 2006/07 10
D3 A3 Bb3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 2007 15
D3 A3 Bb3 C4 D4 E4 F#4 A4 2006 10
D3 A3 Bb3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 2007 15
D3 A3 Bb3 C#4 D4 E4 F4 A4 2006 9,13
D3 A3 Bb3 C#4 D4 E4 G4 A4 2006 15
D3 A3 Bb3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 2007 10,15
D3 A3 Bb3 D4 E4 F#4 G4 A4 2006 12
D3 A3 Bb3 D4 F4 G4 A4 C5 2007 10
D3 A3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F4 A4 2007 15
D3 A3 B3 C#4 D4 E4 F#4 A4 2007 10
D3 A3 B3 C#4 D4 F#4 G4 A4 2007 10
D3 A3 C4 D4 Eb4 F#4 G4 A4 2007 13
D3 A3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 2007 10,15
D3 A3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 ? 14
D3 A3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G#4 A4 C5 2006 15
D3 A3 C4 D4 E4 F4 A4 Bb4 ? 11
D3 A3 C4 D4 E4 F#4 G4 A4 2007 9
D3 A3 C4 D4 E4 G4 A4 Bb4 2006 15
D3 A3 C4 D4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 2007 10
D3 A3 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 Bb4 2007 10
D3 A3 D4 E4 F4 A4 C5 D5 2006 13

Sound Model of the Integral Hang

The Integral Hang introduced in February 2008 only is one model and one set of notes. There are currently no other models being offered.

Ding 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Reference
D3 A3 Bb3 C4 D4 E4 F4 A4 16

References

1 www.hang.ch 2002
Sound Model list published on the former PANArt website in April or May 2002
Pages archived by web.archive.org: Link1, link2, link3
The list includes the name of the Sound Models and the note of the Ding and the lowest tone field in the circle. The sound files were not archived by web.archive.org.
2 www.hang.ch 2004
Sound Model list on the former PANArt website updated in January or February 2004
Pages archived by web.archive.org: Link1, link2, link3, link4
The list includes the name of the Sound Models and the note of the Ding and the lowest tone field in the circle. The sound files were not archived by web.archive.org.
3 www.hang.ch 2005
Sound Model list on the former PANArt website updated in February or March 2005
Page archived by web.archive.org: Link
The list includes the name of the Sound Models and the complete scale. The sound files were not archived by web.archive.org.
4 www.oddmusic.com (notations)
Notations of Sound Models No. 1-30 and 35-45 at www.oddmusic.com
5 www.oddmusic.com (sound files)
Sound files of Sound Models No. 1-30 at www.oddmusic.com
6 www.hangmania.fr (notations)
Notations of Sound Models No. 1-45 at www.hangmania.fr
7 www.hangmania.fr (sound files)
Sound files of Sound Models No. 1-45 at www.hangmania.fr
8 Anklang Musikwelt 2005
Sound Model list 2005 of the former German Hang distributor Anklang Musikwelt (paper copy)
9 Hang-Music Forum
Second generation Sound Models posted at www.hang-music.com/forum
10 www.gothang.com
Second generation Sound Models listed in the database at www.gothang.com
11 Hang Players Directory
Second generation Sound Models mentioned in the Hang Players Directory at www.hang-music.com
12 Hang Fan Forum
Second generation Sound Models posted at www.hangfan.co.uk/forum/
13 /tdtd class=/tdsmtd class=td class=span class=leftsm/td/tdtd class=td class=sm_tabheadng>Ebay
Second generation Sound Models mentioned in Ebay auctions
14 YouTube
Second generation Sound Models found in YouTube Videos
15 Personal Information
Second generation Sound Models mentioned in personal information
16 Hang Booklet 2008
This booklet was published by PANArt in early 2008 in several languages and sent to all customers of the Integral Hang. It is published online as PDF in the Hang Library.

[http://www.hangblog.org/hang-sound-models/]