This page contains all publications by PANArt Hang Manufacturing Ltd. respectively by Felix Rohner, Sabina Schärer or Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer. They are listed in chronological order from the newest to the oldest. Links to publications on other websites than www.hangblog.org are marked with .
Most publications are available in English and/or German. Some were translated in French, Italian or Spanish too.
This page on PANArt’s website provides an overview of the various Pang instruments currently built by PANArt. Along with the Hang® Gede , the Hang® Gudu , the Hang® Urgu , the Gubal® , the Hang® Bal and the Pang strings there is an entry about the sound sculpture Hang® , which is no longer built. See also the article Our Instruments .
First experiences with the Hang® Bal in a larger group of players confirmed our expectations towards our new sound sculpture. For whom is the Hang® Bal suitable?
The Trinidadian people gave a gift to the world: the sweet sound of steel. Each individual has to find out what is meant by this gift. You have to live it, to eat it, do digest it. In 1994 the steel orchestra Original Bernese Oil Company organized the first international Panyard in Europe. It was an insight into the nature of this gift from Trinidad, into the nature of human beings. This is a glimpse of the closing party. Enjoy!
The art of the metal sound sculptor resides above all in his ability to construct his sound sculpture as an intercommunicating system of energy stores. The complexity of these instruments also has consequences for their players.
In 1989, the first Steelband in Switzerland, the Bernese Oil company (founded 1976), toured Hungary. During this tour I made a steelpan out of an old barrel from 1979. It was a revelation for me: This old barrel, aged under the Hungarian sun, produced a wonderful warm sound, much better than the sound from a fresh new barrel from the drum factory! This was the beginning of a long period of research that led us to the Pang® composite, an artificial aged metal. I would like to share this private video with all those who would like to create their own sheet metal sound sculpture. Felix Rohner, Tuner
The call of iron has taken us, here at PANArt, a big step further. Pang, the sheet that serves as PANArt’s raw material, has over recent months given birth to novel resonance bodies. These have come together to form the Pang ensemble. The creative path has led us away from the sound sculpture Hang, and towards Pang’s other potentialities: instruments whose bodies can also bring forth a driving, pulsating bass.
In 2013/14 PANArt has obtained a patent in the USA and in Europe. The subject of this patent is the protection of a procedure where common steel sheet is converted into sheet with a higher intrinsic energy. In the method the steel sheet is nitrided until the sheet is completely permeated with iron nitride needles. This material, a composite, is suitable for building sound sculptures and musical instruments with higher sound quality and stable tuning.
With ‘Secrets of the Steelpan – Unlocking the Secrets of the Science, Technology, Tuning and Operation of the Steelpan’ Dr. Anthony Achong is presenting his life’s work, a summary of his extensive studies on the steelpan. Here you can read a review by PANArt tuner Felix Rohner.
If you would like to get to know the musical instrument Gubal®, we suggest you read this article. Here you can find out what this instrument is about.
Hang – Sound Sculpture
What is special about the sound of metal? As instrument makers, we have been dealing with this question for years. A tangible result of our work is the Hang, and a further product in the near future will be the Gubal. On our path to the Hang and the Gubal, we have gained countless insights and inspirations, the most significant of which we have summarized in a book. In this way we would like to support and encourage all of you who are already underway with the sound of metal, or those who are considering such a journey. Included in the book is a CD with Gubal samples which show the new aspects of the sound of metal.
Statement by PANArt Hangbau AG concerning current sales of Hanghang on EBAY
In the year 2001 PANArt introduced the Hang. 10 years later the Hang builders at PANArt, Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer, are using this anniversary as an opportunity to communicate to a broad public where the “call of iron” has taken them, where they stand today and how they intend to continue.
A newsletter concerning PANArt’s work with sound and the sale of Hanghang in the year 2010
Because this introduction to free Hang playing is also useful for playing a second-generation Hang (2006-2007) or an Integral Hang (2008-2009), PANArt has decided to publish a PDF of this brochure in the Hang Library.
November 2009 the Hang makers Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer sent this letter to people who asked for an Integral Hang in 2008 and 2009, but weren’t able to acquire one. The text answers the question: “What is a Hang and what is it not?” and announces the new Free Integral Hang.
This statement was sent in the year 2009 to those who were invited to the Hangbauhaus to purchase an Integral Hang. It outlines the Hang maker’s point of view regarding the Hang in the year 2009.
Texts and Photos offer insight into the history and the various phases of the Hang’s development. The booklet also introduces the Integral Hang and includes the agreement that PANArt concluded with the buyers of an Integral Hang in the years 2008 and 2009.
Abstract: The HANG is a new musical instrument, suitable for playing with the hands, consisting of two hemispherical shells of nitrided steel. It is the product of a collaboration among scientists, engineers and hangmakers, thanks to which we have been able to better understand the tuning process in all its complexity. Seven notes are harmonically tuned around a central deep tone (ding), which excites the Helmholtz (cavity) resonance of the body of the instrument. There are many ways to play the HANG. We show the different stages of its development over the seven years since its birth in 2000. We describe the tuning process and the musical conception of the HANG.
Abstract: The HANG is a new hand-played steel instrument developed by PANArt in Switzerland. We describe the modes of vibration, observed by holographic interferometry and the sound radiation from the instrument, observed by measuring the sound intensity in an anechoic room. A low-voice HANG is compared with a high voice-HANG.
In spring 2007 PANArt sent this letter by e-mail to people who had contacted the hang makers to ask for a Hang. It contained a short history of the development of the Hang, introduced the second generation of Hanghang and explained how the Hang was distributed in the year 2007.
The history of the Hang begins with the history of the steelpan in Switzerland. As an important part of this history the PANArt Steelpan-Manufaktur AG was founded by four members of the steelband ‘Berner Ölgesellschaft’ in 1993. Looking back from the year 2003 these excerpts of PANArt’s anniversary publication allow readers to gain an insight into the history of the Hang before the Hang and the early years of the Hang.
PANArt’s second website existed from spring 2002 to summer 2006. It was closed in connection with the introduction of the second generation of the Hang. A number of versions were archived by web.archive.org.
PANArt’s first website was online from summer 2000 to spring 2002. A number of versions were archived by web.archive.org.
Press summary of a paper for the 142. Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America in Fort Lauderdale, FL on December 4th, 2001
Research paper presented by PANArt at the first International Conference on the Science and Technology of the Steelpan (ICSTS), October 16 – 18, 2000 in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad.
The journal Panyard was the information platform of the “IG Junges Pan Schweiz” (interest group of young pannists in Switzerland). Five issues were published in the years 1993 and 1994. It was partially archived on this website hosted by www.pan-jumbie.com.
Felix Rohner reports about his work as steelpan builder and tuner.